On this historical date:
In 1864, US President Abraham Lincoln, concerned with creating new free territories during the Civil War, signed an act establishing the territory of Montana. Montana became a state 25 years later.
In 1868, after a landmark two-month trial, the US Senate acquitted President Andrew Johnson of the impeachment charges brought against him by the House of Representatives. Johnson won the acquittal by one vote on each count.
In 1896 Nicolas II became Tsar of Russia.
In 1897, Dracula was published by Irish writer Bram Stoker.
File photo by Joe Marino-Bill Cantrell/UPI
In 1927 the last Ford Model T was built. Over 15 million vehicles have been produced. Henry Ford revealed details of the car’s successor, the Model A, the same day to United Press.
In 1940, the evacuation of Dunkirk begins. Sailing ships of all kinds were put into service to transport British, French and Belgian soldiers trapped by advancing German forces in northern France across the English Channel.
In 1954, more than 100 crew members of the aircraft carrier USS Bennington died in an explosion off Rhode Island.
In 1972, at a summit in Moscow, US President Richard Nixon and Soviet Communist Party leader Leonid Brezhnev signed a pact limiting nuclear weapons.
UPI file photo
In 1985, a cyclone hit the Bay of Bengal killing 1,400 people in Bangladesh.
In 1991, a Lauda Air Boeing 767-300 exploded over Thailand after takeoff, killing all 223 people on board.
In 1994, Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley, the only child of Elvis Presley, married in the Dominican Republic. They divorced two years later.
In 2003, a plane crash in Turkey killed all 74 people on board, including 62 Spanish soldiers returning from peacekeeping missions in Afghanistan.
In 2021, a gunman opened fire on a Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority rail yard in San Jose, California, killing nine people and himself.
File photo by Terry Schmitt/UPI